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South Africa Flashcards | Quizlet

The US and Britain, traditionally 2 of South Africa's staunchest economic allies sharply criticised the government's and followed that with strongly worded attacks on the apartheid system in the General Assembly of the United Nations. Calls began to mount for the imposition of sanctions against South Africa.

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A history of mining in South Africa (ZA)

M M ining in South Africa has been a contentious issue since 15-year-old Erasmus Stephanus Jacobs discovered South Africa's first diamond, the Eureka, in Hopetown in 1867. It kickstarted what historians call the Mineral Revolution, which made few European opportunists wealthy beyond measure, and saw hundreds of thousands of men leaving their homes to become fulltime mineworkers.

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Natural Resources and Conflict - Africa Institute of South ...

Peace & Security at the Africa Institute of South Africa AFRICA INSTITUTE OF SOUTH AFRICA BRIEFINg NO 74 MARCH 2012 known to contain widespread reserves of natural resources, with a great potential for mineral beneficiation. Yet in the midst of this great wealth Africa is a paradox of poverty and protracted social violence.

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UNDERSTANDING THE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF PROPERTY …

1.3 Property rights, real rights and creditor's rights 2 Ownership 2.1 Introduction to ownership 2.2 Co-ownership 2.3 Statutory land use 2.4 Limitations on ownership 2.5 Original acquisition of ownership 2.6 Derivative acquisition of ownership 2.7 Protection of ownership 2.8 Termination of ownership 3 Possession and Holdership

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Land and Conflict | LandLinks

Mar 27, 2013· Land is the object of competition in a number of potentially overlapping ways: as an economic asset, as a connection with identity and social legitimacy, and as political territory. Competition over land and its resources is at the center of the nexus between land and conflict. Competition can occur between any number and type of identity ...

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4th Edition - Werksmans

South Africa The law of delict is also relevant in a mining law context. For example, downstream owners of land may have a claim in delict for damages suffered as a result of pollution of water by a mining company upstream. 2 Mechanics of Acquisition of Rights 2.1 What rights …

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The South African Constitution | Facing History and Ourselves

The signing of the Republic of South Africa's Constitution in May 1996 ushered in a new era of democracy two years after the country's historic first election and the installation of President Nelson Mandela. The bill of rights became the first major section in the new constitution, following the preamble (and founding provisions).

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Mining and your Community: Know your Environmental …

• The Bill of Rights in the Constitution which describes the human rights of all people in South Africa. • The Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act, 2002 (the MPRDA). The MPRDA sets out the process a mining company must follow to get a licence or permit to mine.

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Minerals and Mining Policy of South Africa: Green Paper ...

The nature of international mineral markets and of South Africa's mineral resources must be taken into consideration when promoting investment, including the effect of increased supplies on prices. 1.1.3.2 Other views. Equitable access to all natural resources is …

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Module 2- Real Rights, Limited Real Rights & Personal ...

• 3) Real rights are in principle absolute and afford a so-called right of pursuit (vindication). • 4) Real rights afford the holder a preference in cases of insolvency. • 5) The prior in tempore rule is applicable when there is a conflict between two real rights. • 6) Transfer of real rights must be accompanied by some form of publicity.

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A Practical Guide for Mining-Affected Communities

advice offices, community organisations and other civil society networks. In addition to developing and advocating for policy and legislation that reflects Constitutional values, the LRC also provides advice, training and publications. The LRC uses these strategies within South Africa, the African continent and at the international level.

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Water rights, what you should know | Farmer's Weekly

Jan 06, 2016· Water scarcity South Africa is a relatively dry country where water usage is strictly regulated by law. The National Water Act (No. 36 of 1998) is the main regulating force of water use in South Africa and replaces any previous law dealing with water rights.

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Mining rights ride roughshod over property rights

Mining involves a complicated nexus of mineral rights, land rights and community governance structures. ... The recent clamour around redistribution of land in South Africa has brought focus on ...

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Law protecting interests of South African communities in ...

Apr 13, 2021· South Africa has laws to safeguard the interests of communities in their dealings with mining companies. The Interim Protection of Informal Land Rights …

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South Africa: How Mining Damages ... - Human Rights Watch

Aug 27, 2018· The South African Human Rights Commission has released a scathing report on the damage mining in the country is posing to human rights. The conclusion paints a …

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South Africa Guide: Land & Title, What the law says: The ...

South Africa is rich in mineral wealth and the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Act, 2002 separates the rights to minerals in and under land from the ownership of the surface rights to the land, so buying a property in South Africa doesn't entitle you to set up a gold mine in the garden!

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To Nationalize or Not? The Pros and Cons of South Africa ...

Nov 19, 2009· It could help boost South Africa's other industries. With ownership of the mining industry turned over to the public sector, investors and businesspeople of the private sector previously involved in mining would be able to focus their efforts on other industries.

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What Every Land Investor Should Know About Mineral Rights ...

When purchasing land, it's important to know which rights come with the property. There are two types of rights to be aware of mineral and surface.. Surface rights are exactly like they sound – they are your rights to own and use the surface of the land. Depending on what type of property you own, owning the surface rights means you can develop the land as you see fit or as it is zoned.

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South Africa: Constitutional Court - SAFLII

Interim Protection of Informal Land Rights Act 31 of 1996 —Section 2 — Deprivation of informal land rights. ORDER. On appeal from the High Court of South Africa, North West Division, Mahikeng: Leave to appeal is granted. Both Mr Mdumiseni Dlamini and the Land Access Movement of South Africa are admitted as amici curiae.

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Grade 8 - Topic 2 - The Mineral Revolution in South Africa ...

Feb 24, 2015· Background and Focus of Grade 8- Term 2: The Mineral Revolution in South Africa. The Mineral Revolution in South Africa started with the discovery of diamonds in Kimberley in 1867, and intensified with the discovery of deep-level gold on the Witwatersrand in 1886. By the time that gold was discovered, African kingdoms had lost their independence.

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South Africa: Twenty-Five Years Since Apartheid

Land. Nowhere are South Africa's current difficulties more visible than in debates over land expropriation. Once the period of colonial wars ended, Europeans consolidated their control over arable land in South Africa. Though weakly enforced until the 1930s, the 1913 Natives Land Act played a role in dispossessing black South Africans.

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Surface Rights vs. Mineral Rights: What's the Difference ...

Like surface rights, mineral rights can be bought, leased and sold in accordance with the local and federal laws. Payments can be made outright or paid through a royalty system, based on what can be extracted from the land. Both mineral and surface rights can also have co-ownership. If the surface rights owner wants to retain a partial stake in ...

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African Minerals Development Centre, a new project to ...

The United Nations Development Programme has launched, together with partners, a new centre that will help countries to best use mining revenues for sustainable development. Currently based in ...

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Mining and minerals in South Africa | Brand South Africa

Aug 16, 2012· Mineral wealth. South Africa's total reserves remain some of the world's most valuable, with an estimated worth of R20.3-trillion ($2.5-trillion). Overall, the country is estimated to have the world's fifth-largest mining sector in terms of GDP value. It has the world's largest reserves of manganese and platinum group metals (PGMs ...

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Mining rights and title in South Africa - Lexology

Jul 04, 2019· State control over mining rights. ... of South Africa's mineral and petroleum resources and has a duty to administer these resources for the benefit of all South Africans. ... in respect of the ...

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Unpacking the various forms of land ownership

The discovery of diamonds in 1867 and gold in 1886 led to the British South Africa Company being given a Royal Charter to further seek out and exploit other suitable mining areas in South Africa. As would be expected the conflicts over land became more intense as the rich mineral wealth of South Africa was discovered.

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State 'custodianship' and control over all agricultural land

May 27, 2015· By Anthea Jeffery *. Unbeknown to most people, the public has until 30th May 2015 (the end of this week) to comment on a bill that seeks to vest all agricultural land in the State as 'custodian' for the people of South Africa. This provision echoes the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act (MPRDA) of 2002, under which all mineral ...

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'God's acres': the land owned by the Church Commissioners ...

Nov 04, 2019· The Ashford Estate is registered in the name of Cedarvale, a subsidiary company wholly controlled by the Church Commissioners.As their 2013 annual report states, "At over 1,500 acres and situated to the south of Ashford town centre, the Estate was acquired for its long-term residential development prospects in the late 1980s." Much of it is a building site, as the Commissioners sell it off ...

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