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Causes of concrete and asphalt deterioration explained ...

May 13, 2021· Organic matter in water accelerates deterioration of asphalt pavements. The scientists also showed that crack width and length is the best determinant of concrete damage, while the degree of formation of amorphization is the best determinant of deterioration.

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THE DETERMINATION OF ORGANIC MATTER IN SOILS BY …

The organic matter of soils is generally determined by converting it to carbon dioxide by means of moist and dry combustion. The carbon dioxide thus evolved is then calculated to organic matter by the use of a conventional factor, 0.471. It has been found, however, that the percentage of carbon in the organic matter of soils varies widely.

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Understanding interactions between cementitious materials ...

Oct 14, 2014· 10%· Among the organic matter released by bitumen of IL-LLW, short-chain organic acids (notably acetic, formic and oxalic acids [118, 140–143])—easily assimilable by bacteria in the repository—are likely to react with concrete of the repository). These reactions may, on the one hand, alter the durability of concrete cells [84, 88, 129, 132 ...

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Organic Matter Degradation | Hydrogen Link

Organic Matter Degradation Organic matter - plant material. Decomposition of organic matter (plants and organisms) is the basic "cleaning tool" of nature, where organic residues are degraded and decomposed by oxidative processes involving rotting - bacterial and fungi processing, in order to proceed with the life cycle.. Organic matter degradation ...

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Organic Matter‐Micronutrient Reactions in Soil - Stevenson ...

Jan 01, 1991· This chapter emphasizes organic matter influence on micronutrient cycling, the distribution of occurring organic ligands, trace elements speciation in the soil solution, and the nature and stability of the complexes with humic acid and fulvic acid.

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Acid attack on concrete - SlideShare

Apr 22, 2013· 17. ACETIC ACID ATTACKConcrete in use in agricultural applications may beattacked by the silage effluents containing mainlyacetic and lactic acid.Acetic acid reacts with cement hydration products toform calcium acetate2CH3COOH + Ca (OH)2 Ca (CH3COO)2 + 2H2O2CH3COOH + C-S-H SiO2 + Ca (CH3COO)2 + 2H2O. 18.

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Basic Process Of Organic Matter Decomposition

Mar 08, 2019· Process of Organic matter Decomposition. The organic materials (plant and animal residues) incorporated in the soil is attacked by a variety of microbes, worms, and insects in the soil if the soil is moist. Some of the constituents are decomposed very rapidly, some less readily and others very slowly. Sugars, starches and simple proteins ...

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Impact of clay particles on concrete compressive strength

Coatings containing clay, silt, and organic matter are found naturally in the overlying layers of the deposit or are artificially placed on the aggregate during processing. This article is limited to the impact of clay particles on concrete compressive strength. Research scope and objectives

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Corrosion resistance of steel bars in concrete when mixed ...

Sep 20, 2019· More information: K. Kawaai et al. Corrosion resistance of steel bars in mortar mixtures mixed with organic matter, microbial or other, Cement and Concrete Research (2019). DOI: 10.1016/j ...

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Study links deterioration of concrete and asphalt to trace ...

May 16, 2021· Organic matter in water accelerates deterioration of asphalt pavements. The scientists also showed that crack width and length is the best determinant of concrete damage, while the degree of formation of amorphization is the best determinant of deterioration.

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Alkali–carbonate reaction - Wikipedia

The alkali–carbonate reaction is an alteration process first suspected in the 1950s in Canada for the degradation of concrete containing dolomite aggregates.. Alkali from the cement might react with the dolomite crystals present in the aggregate inducing the production of brucite, (MgOH) 2, and calcite (CaCO 3).This mechanism was tentatively proposed by Swenson and Gillott (1964) and may be ...

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Causes of concrete and asphalt deterioration explained ...

May 13, 2021· May 13, 2021. Scientists reveal that the deterioration of modern concrete and asphalt structures is due to the presence of trace quantities of organic matter in these structures. Cement and ...

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ACI Education Bulletin E4-12 - Concrete

It is known that cement mixed with organic matter was applied as a surface coat for water resistance or tinting purposes. Materials used in early concrete and ... Alkali-aggregate reaction—Chemical reaction in either mortar or concrete between alkalies (sodium and potassium) from portland cement or other sources and certain

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Decomposition of Organic Residues: 3 Mechanisms

ADVERTISEMENTS: This article throws light upon the three mechanisms of decomposition of organic residues. The mechanisms are: 1. Enzymes and the Biological Reaction 2. Simple Products of Decomposition 3. Decomposition Action Mechanism # 1. Enzymes and the Biological Reaction: An enzyme is a substance, composed of protein that is capable of lowering the activation energy […]

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The importance of soil organic matter

Organic matter retains plant nutrients and prevents them leaching to deeper soil layers. Microorganisms are responsible for the mineralization and immobilization of N, P and S through the decomposition of organic matter (Duxbury, Smith and Doran, 1989). Thus, they contribute to the gradual and continuous liberation of plant nutrients.

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Analysis of Durability of Asvanced Cementitious Materials ...

Sulfates present in soils, groundwater, seawater, decaying organic matter, and industrial effluent surrounding a concrete structure may permeate the concrete and react with existing hydration products. These reactions can cause cracks in the concrete structure. California soils are rich in sulfates, and much attention has been given lately to ...

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3 Aggregate Properties - IN.gov

concrete an unsightly appearance. REACTIONS WITH ASPHALT AND CEMENT There are several types of substances found in mineral aggregates which may have a negative effect on the cementing and overall performance qualities of asphalt and cement. Most are rarely si gnificant but various organic …

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FTIR and TG analysis of Organic Impurities in Fine ...

Feb 11, 2020· It is well known that certain organic matter, commonly found in aggregates and water used for concrete production, could have a deleterious effect on the hydration reaction of ordinary portland cement (OPC) [1-9]. The nature of the effect depends on the type and amount of the organic matter.

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Triplet state dissolved organic matter in aquatic ...

Jul 14, 2016· Triplet state dissolved organic matter in aquatic photochemistry: reaction mechanisms, substrate scope, and photophysical properties. Kristopher McNeill * a and Silvio Canonica b a Institute for Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics, ETH Zurich, Universitaetstrasse 16, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland.

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CIVL 1101 - Part 6 - Concrete Agregates

CIVL 1101 - Part 6 - Concrete Agregates. Part 6. Concrete Aggregates. Aggregates generally occupy 70 to 80% of the volume of concrete and therefore have a significant effect on its properties. Strength of concrete and mix design are independent of the composition of aggregate, but durability may be affected. Aggregates are classified based on ...

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Concrete: Demonstration 2

Demonstration 2 Conducting an Organic Matter Test. Objective: The purpose of this demonstration is to determine the viability of an aggregate based on the amount of organic matter present. Materials Needed: Sand A 50:50 mixture of sand and dirt Glass container (10 oz. juice jar or similar size) with lid

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Understanding chemical oxygen demand test

• Ask participants to name a few organic compounds • Explain the need for measuring aggregate organic matter • Describe the content of the lecture • Discuss the significance of the test 10 min OHS 3 Oxidation-reduction reactions • Explain oxidation and reduction in terms of electron transfer • Explain significance of oxidation ...

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Deterioration of modern concrete structures and asphalt ...

May 13, 2021· In this study, the organic matter of TQOM (TSM in Sapporo) in the air and organic matter in the disaggregated concrete samples in the Kobe highway were identified using HPLC, 1 H NMR, and GC-MS. These chemical components for the samples of TSM, the disaggregated concrete in the Kobe highway, DEP, tire debris, and asphalt are shown in Table 3 .

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Cement Grain - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Hydrating cement with leachate system is more complex than that with the pure water, since amounts of contaminants, such as organic matter, ions, might interact with the cement grain during the hydration development process. The general reaction process of hydrating cement-leachate system might be described as Fig. 4.11 based on the current ...

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A-3 SPECIFICATIONS REINFORCED CONCRETE …

7.1 Water used in mixing and curing concrete shall be fresh, clean, potable, and free from injurious amounts of oil, acid, alkali, organic matter or other deleterious substances and shall contain less than 2,000 ppm of dissolved solids. 7.2 Adequate water storage facilities shall be …

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The effect of organic matter on the setting of soil‐cement ...

Some soil types, however, contain organic matter that prevents the mixture hardening. Experiments are described in which a range of organic compounds, of the types occurring in soil, were added to clean sand, which was subsequently mixed with cement and water.

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Concrete: Scientific Principles

The aggregate is usually washed to remove any dust, silt, clay, organic matter, or other impurities that would interfere with the bonding reaction with the cement paste. It is then separated into various sizes by passing the material through a series of screens with different size openings.

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Decomposition of Organic Matter in Soil

Modes of Organic Matter Decomposition: There are two modes in the degradation of organic matters into simpler substances i.e. aerobic and anaerobic decomposition. Micro-organisms such as fungi, bacteria, actinomycetes and mould play a dominant role depending on the availability of oxygen.

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